- Research Name : Molecular Breeding
- Publications : 54
- Category : Breeding
- Research Year : 2021
- Location : Ibadan
- Molecular Breeding Publications : 24
Molecular Breeding or Marker assisted breeding (MAB) is the process of using the results of DNA tests to assist in the selection of individuals to become the parents in the next generation of a genetic improvement program.
The choice among various methods of MAB depends on the complexity of the trait and a prior knowledge on the gene (s) or segments of chromosomes (known as quantitative trait loci (QTL).
Molecular markers facilitate conventional breeding, improve selection efficiency, reduce cost for developing new varieties, and/or quality control (ensuring line purity and genetic identity). In IITA, in collaboration with partners, various schemes of MB are being employed to accelerate variety development in cassava, maize, and cowpea whereas; genomic resource development or preparation is underway for yam, banana, and soybean.